Turkey

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Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) is a Country with a double identity, hanging between past and future. Busy, fascinating, mystic: Turkey is all this and much more, and a trip will not be sufficient to discover all its attractions.

 

Capital

Ankara (4.651.591 )

Surface

783.562 km²

Population

75.586.100 in 2009

Density

91/km²

Currency

Turkish Lira (TRY)
1 Euro = 2.07 TRY
1 TRY = 0.49 Euro

Time zone

UTC +2

Language

Turkish

Religion

Muslim. Minorities: Christian Orthodox, Catholic, Jewish and Protestant.

Entry requirements

A valid identity card with a residual validity of at least 3 months is sufficient. Entrance to the Country must be by air or by sea, or via the Greek and Bulgarian frontier. European driving licenses must be accompanied with the Green Card.

Travelling with pets

Small sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with a certificate of good health conditions and must be vaccinated against rabies.

Health and safety

Both private and public health structures are sufficient. No vaccination is required, but it is advisable to drink only bottled mineral water to avoid the risk of endemic infections such as hepatitis.
Turkey is characterised by a huge presence of tourists, therefore it is considered quite safe. Nonetheless in the last years the Country has been exposed to repeated terrorist attacks, so the utmost prudence is always required when travelling on the borders and in the eastern side of the Country.

Climate

The Turkish territory can be divided into three different climate zone: the Mediterranean coast is characterised by very hot summers and mild winters. On the Tauro mountains climate is more humid, whereas the rest of the Country is hot and sultry.

Form of government

Parliamentary republic

Economy

Turkish has developed considerably over the last years from an economic point of view. Agriculture is still a fundamental resource, which employs 45% of the workforce. The key industrial sector is textile industry: Turkish is in fact one of the biggest world producers. Other key industries are metal, food processing, building, car assembly, electronic and petrochemical. Tourism is gaining more and more relevance.

Electricity

Voltage: 220V – Frequency: 50 Hz. It is advisable to bring an adapter.

Post offices, banks and communications

Post offices are open Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 24 pm, Sunday from 9 am to 19 pm. Banks are open Monday to Saturday from 8.30 am to 12.30 pm, and from 13.30 to 17 pm.
Mobile phone covering is excellent.
Country code: 0090
Useful numbers:
Emergency number: 112