IntroductionThe Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polka) is situated in the heart of Europe. The controversial history of this Country reflects in its splendid cities full of art and culture, which show the wounds of a population that fell and picked itself up many times in the course of its existence.
CapitalWarsaw (1 746 000 in 2007)
1 Euro = 4.04 Zloty
1 Zloty = 0.25 Euro
Time zoneUTC +1
LanguagePolish. English, Russian and German are widely spoken.
ReligionCatholic, with orthodox minorities.
Entry requirementsNeither passport nor visa is required for European citizens of the Member States. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most of European driving licenses are accepted.
Travelling with petsSmall sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo. Also, they must be vaccinated against rabies.
Health and safetyBoth private and public health structures are quite good, and it is easy to find medicaments. No vaccination is required. Avoid drinking water from the public distribution network, as it could not be drinkable. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance. General safety is good, there are no danger zones.
ClimatePoland is characterised by a continental climate in the Eastern part, with very cold winters and hot summers, and a maritime climate in the north-western part, with rainy hot summers and not too cold winters.
Form of governmentParliamentary Republic.
EconomyPoland can be considered as one of the most fortunate examples of transition from the communist economy to a market economy. The area of Silesia represents the heart of this development, thanks to the availability of coal fields. Given the presence of mineral resources, Poland has focused on a few key industrial sectors such as metal, steel, mechanic and chemical industry. Agriculture keeps being an important source of wealth. The main cultivations are rye, potatoes, flax, wheat, corn, beetroots, vegetables and fruits. Tourism is getting more and more important and it is currently under remodernization.
ElectricityVoltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. There are two models of plug in use: the two-poles European plug and the French type. It is advisable to bring an adapter.
Posts, banks and telephonePost offices are open Monday to Friday from 9.00 am to 18 pm, Banks are open from 8.00 am to 16.00 pm Monday to Friday, and Saturday from 9 am to 13 pm. Mobile phone coverage is excellent. Country code: 0048
Emergency number: 112