Poland

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Introduction

The Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polka) is situated in the heart of Europe. The controversial history of this Country reflects in its splendid cities full of art and culture, which show the wounds of a population that fell and picked itself up many times in the course of its existence.

 

Capital

Warsaw (1 746 000 in 2007)

Surface

312.685 km²

Population

38.073.745

Density

123,5/km²

Currency

Złoty
1 Euro = 4.04 Zloty
1 Zloty = 0.25 Euro

Time zone

UTC +1

Language

Polish. English, Russian and German are widely spoken.

Religion

Catholic, with orthodox minorities.

Entry requirements

Neither passport nor visa is required for European citizens of the Member States. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most of European driving licenses are accepted.

Travelling with pets

Small sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo. Also, they must be vaccinated against rabies.

Health and safety

Both private and public health structures are quite good, and it is easy to find medicaments. No vaccination is required. Avoid drinking water from the public distribution network, as it could not be drinkable. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance. General safety is good, there are no danger zones.

Climate

Poland is characterised by a continental climate in the Eastern part, with very cold winters and hot summers, and a maritime climate in the north-western part, with rainy hot summers and not too cold winters.

Form of government

Parliamentary Republic.

Economy

Poland can be considered as one of the most fortunate examples of transition from the communist economy to a market economy. The area of Silesia represents the heart of this development, thanks to the availability of coal fields. Given the presence of mineral resources, Poland has focused on a few key industrial sectors such as metal, steel, mechanic and chemical industry. Agriculture keeps being an important source of wealth. The main cultivations are rye, potatoes, flax, wheat, corn, beetroots, vegetables and fruits. Tourism is getting more and more important and it is currently under remodernization.

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. There are two models of plug in use: the two-poles European plug and the French type. It is advisable to bring an adapter.

Posts, banks and telephone

Post offices are open Monday to Friday from 9.00 am to 18 pm, Banks are open from 8.00 am to 16.00 pm Monday to Friday, and Saturday from 9 am to 13 pm. Mobile phone coverage is excellent. Country code: 0048
Useful numbers:
Emergency number: 112
Ambulance: 999
Police: 997
Firemen: 997