Macedonia

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Introduction

The Republic of Macedonia (Република Македониjа, or FYROM –former Republic of Yugoslavia in Macedonia) is situated in south-eastern Europe. The Country is a perfect blend of different cultures and religions. The wounds of a recent past and the poverty and social tensions deriving from it are still evident. Though it cannot be yet considered as a tourist destination, the Country certainly deserves a visit.

 

Capital

Skopje (500.000 in 2000)

Surface

25.713 km²

Population

2.022.547

Density

81 /km²

Currency

Dinaro macedone
1 Euro = 61.46 Dinaro macedone
1 Dinaro macedone = 0.017 Euro

Time zone

(UTC +1).

Language

The official language is Macedonian. Albanian and Serbian are spoken

Religion

Christian-Orthodox and Muslim.

Entry requirements

Neither a passport nor visa is required for European citizens of the Member States. A valid identity card with a minimum validity of 3 months is sufficient. Citizens of the UE must register at a police station if they are not staying in a hotel. Most of European driving licenses are accepted, but the Green Card is required.

Travelling with pets

Small sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo.

Health and safety

Both private and public health structures are poor. No vaccination is required, but it is advisable to drink only bottled mineral water and eat pre-cooked food. General safety in the country is unsteady due to long-existing inner tensions. The utmost care is necessary when travelling along the borders.

Climate

Macedonia has a continental climate with very hot summers and relatively cold winters, which are made milder by the warm winds blowing from the Aegean sea. Snowfalls are common.
Form of government: semi-presidential Republic

Economy

Macedonian economy is sufficiently developed, and it is mainly focused on the search of potential foreign investors to increase the current level of employment. The industrial sector represents more than 30% of the per capita income. Key sectors are coal, chrome, lead, nickel, textile, wood, tobacco. Agriculture employs a considerable portion of the population. The main cultivations are tobacco, wheat, corn, cotton, sesame, citrus fruits, vegetables, but the main support to the economy comes from the tertiary sector.

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. Both the European two-poles plug and the German type are in use. It is always advisable to bring plug adapters.

Post offices, banks and telephones

Post offices are open Monday to Friday from 8 am to 20 pm, or 9-17. Banks are generally open Monday to Friday from 7.00 am to 19 pm. Some are also open on Saturday from 7 am to 13 pm.
Mobile phone coverage is good.
Country code: 00389
Useful numbers
Police – Tel. 192
Firemen – Tel. 193
First aid -Tel. 194
Roadside assistance AMSM –Tel. 196