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INTRODUCTION: Iceland is situated between Greenland and Great Britain, in the middle of the north Atlantic Ocean. It is a beautiful and uncontaminated geological paradise, ideal destination for nature lovers and people in search for adventure.
Capital: Reykjavík (119.900 in 2008)
Surface: 103.125 km²
Population: 319.756 in 2008
Currency : Icelandic Crown
1 Euro = 178.19 Icelandic Crown
1 Icelandic Crown= 0.006 Euro
Time zone: UTC 0
Language: Icelandic. English is also spoken.
Religion: Protestant Lutheran. Numerous minorities like the Catholics.
Entry requirements: neither passport nor visa is required for European citizens of the Member States. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most European driving licenses are accepted.
Travelling with pets: small sized pets are accepted upon authorization of the competent Icelandic authorities. For more info visit the website of the Icelandic Veterinarian Authority : ww.lbs.is
Health and safety: both private and public health structures are excellent, and medicaments are easily available.
No vaccination is required. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance.
General safety is good, there are no danger zones.
Climate: Iceland enjoys an oceanic climate, cold but temperate. This means that summers are cool and winters never too cold (temperatures hardly go below zero), thanks to the influence of the Stream Gulf. The weather in Iceland can change rapidly, as a local say perfectly summarizes: “if you don’t like the weather, wait a minute”
Form of government: parliamentary Republic.
President: Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
Prime Minister: Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
Economy: Iceland can count on an advanced economy based on the fishing sector, which represents 57% of the global export volume. Activities related to the sea are at the base of the economy, and are considered the most competitive and efficient on worldwide scale, even if the tertiary services gives the biggest contribution in terms of per capita income. Iceland can also count on consistent hydro-electric and geothermal resources.
Electricity: Voltage: 220V - Frequency: 50 Hz. It is advisable to bring an adapter.
Post offices, banks and telephone: post offices in Iceland are open Monday to Friday from 8.30 am to 16.30 pm. Some stay open on Saturday until 13 pm. Banks are open from 9.15 am to 16.00 pm.
Mobile phone covering is excellent.
Country code: 00354