CapitalHelsinki (579 016 in 2009)
Time zone+2 GMT. Winter time applies.
LanguageFinish and Swedish are the official languages. English is widely spoken.
ReligionLutheran, with Orthodox and Catholic minorities.
Entry requirementsNeither passport nor visa is required for European citizens of the Member States. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most of the European driving licenses are accepted.
Travelling with petsSmall sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo. Also, they must be vaccinated against rabies.
Health and safetyBoth private and public health structures are excellent.
No vaccination is required. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance. General safety is good, there are no danger zones.
ClimateFinland has a cold temperate climate. Winters are cold and dry, with temperatures around -5° and -15°, and mild summers (around 20°C). During the summer dark hours are very short (usually a couple of hours), and especially in northern Finland, the sun never sets for 73 consecutive days. On the contrary, in winter the Northernmost areas are subject to the kaamos, or polar nights, and the sun remains under the horizon for 51 days, with very few hours of daylight.
Form of governmentFinland is independent from Russia since January 1918. Currently it is a Republic.
EconomyFinish economy is largely advanced and dynamic, and it is mainly based on technological research of very high level. The main economic sectors are steel industry, wood processing, chemical industries, mechanic constructions and consumer electronics.
ElectricityVoltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz . Sockets are of German type. It is advisable to bring an adapter.
Post offices, banks and communicationsPost offices are generally open Monday to Friday from 9 am to 17 pm, Saturday from 9 am to 13 pm. Banks are generally open from 9.15 am to 16.15 am, Monday to Friday.
Mobile phone coverage is very good.
Country code: 00358+local code
Emergency number: 112