INTRODUCTION: Estonia (Eesti Vabariik) is the northernmost of the Baltic states. During the ‘90s this beautiful country emerged from a bad economic and political crisis, and today it is affirming itself as one of the emerging tourist destinations.
Capital: Tallinn (403.547 in 2008)
Surface: 45 226 km²
Population: 1.342.409 in 2007
Density: 29 /km²
Currency : Estonian crown
1 Euro = 15.65 Estonian crown
1 Estonian crown = 0.064 Euro
Time zone: +2 GMT
Language: the official language is Estonian. English and Russian are also spoken
Religion: Lutheran and orthodox
Entry requirements: neither passport nor visa for tourist reasons are necessary. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most of the European driving licenses are accepted.
Travelling with pets: small sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo. Also, they must be vaccinated against rabies. For more information visit the website: www.wet.agri.ee (Veterinary and food board).
Health and safety: the condition of both private and public health structures is generally lower than the European standards. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance.
General safety is good, there are no particular danger zones
Climate: Estonia has a temperate-cold climate. On the coast winters are cold and wet, and summers hot. Inland temperatures tend to be lower and there are often snowy precipitations.
Form of government: Estonia has obtained independence from the Soviet Union on 20th August 1991, becoming a parliamentary Republic.
President: Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Prime Minister: Andrus Ansip
Economy: the industrial sector is fairly developed and it is based on steel industry, processing of food and textile products. There are few important industries and some structural difficulties to work out. Agriculture and animal breeding (bovines) are gaining ground after the age of collectivism, and they provide the raw materials for the food industry. Line, cereals and vegetables are the main cultivations. Economic activities are bound to the tertiary sector: services, consultancy and tourism.
Electricity: voltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. It is advisable to bring an adapter.
Post offices, banks and communications: post offices are open from 9 am to 17 pm Monday to Friday, and sometimes on Saturday until 12.30 pm. Banks are usually open Monday to Friday from 9 am to 18 pm. some stay open also on Saturday morning.
Mobile phone coverage is good.
Country code: 00 372
European emergency number: 112