Estonia

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Introduction

Estonia (Eesti Vabariik) is the northernmost of the Baltic states. During the ‘90s this beautiful country emerged from a bad economic and political crisis, and today it is affirming itself as one of the emerging tourist destinations.

 

Capital

Tallinn (403.547 in 2008)

Surface

45 226 km²

Population

1.342.409 in 2007

Density

29 /km²

Currency

Estonian crown
1 Euro = 15.65 Estonian crown
1 Estonian crown = 0.064 Euro

Time zone

+2 GMT

Language

The official language is Estonian. English and Russian are also spoken

Religion

Lutheran and orthodox

Entry requirements

Neither passport nor visa for tourist reasons are necessary. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most of the European driving licenses are accepted.

Travelling with pets

Small sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo. Also, they must be vaccinated against rabies. For more information visit the website: www.wet.agri.ee (Veterinary and food board).

Health and safety

The condition of both private and public health structures is generally lower than the European standards. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance. General safety is good, there are no particular danger zones

Climate

Estonia has a temperate-cold climate. On the coast winters are cold and wet, and summers hot. Inland temperatures tend to be lower and there are often snowy precipitations.

Form of government

Estonia has obtained independence from the Soviet Union on 20th August 1991, becoming a parliamentary Republic.

Economy

The industrial sector is fairly developed and it is based on steel industry, processing of food and textile products. There are few important industries and some structural difficulties to work out. Agriculture and animal breeding (bovines) are gaining ground after the age of collectivism, and they provide the raw materials for the food industry. Line, cereals and vegetables are the main cultivations. Economic activities are bound to the tertiary sector: services, consultancy and tourism.

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. It is advisable to bring an adapter.

Post offices, banks and communications

Post offices are open from 9 am to 17 pm Monday to Friday, and sometimes on Saturday until 12.30 pm. Banks are usually open Monday to Friday from 9 am to 18 pm. some stay open also on Saturday morning.
Mobile phone coverage is good.
Country code: 00 372
Useful numbers:
European emergency number: 112