IntroductionEstonia (Eesti Vabariik) is the northernmost of the Baltic states. During the ‘90s this beautiful country emerged from a bad economic and political crisis, and today it is affirming itself as one of the emerging tourist destinations.
CapitalTallinn (403.547 in 2008)
Surface45 226 km²
Population1.342.409 in 2007
1 Euro = 15.65 Estonian crown
1 Estonian crown = 0.064 Euro
Time zone+2 GMT
LanguageThe official language is Estonian. English and Russian are also spoken
ReligionLutheran and orthodox
Entry requirementsNeither passport nor visa for tourist reasons are necessary. A valid identity card is sufficient. Most of the European driving licenses are accepted.
Travelling with petsSmall sized pets like cats, dogs and ferrets must travel with animal passport (in force since 2004) and have an identification microchip or tattoo. Also, they must be vaccinated against rabies. For more information visit the website: www.wet.agri.ee (Veterinary and food board).
Health and safetyThe condition of both private and public health structures is generally lower than the European standards. It is advisable to bring the magnetic card for health assistance. General safety is good, there are no particular danger zones
ClimateEstonia has a temperate-cold climate. On the coast winters are cold and wet, and summers hot. Inland temperatures tend to be lower and there are often snowy precipitations.
Form of governmentEstonia has obtained independence from the Soviet Union on 20th August 1991, becoming a parliamentary Republic.
EconomyThe industrial sector is fairly developed and it is based on steel industry, processing of food and textile products. There are few important industries and some structural difficulties to work out. Agriculture and animal breeding (bovines) are gaining ground after the age of collectivism, and they provide the raw materials for the food industry. Line, cereals and vegetables are the main cultivations. Economic activities are bound to the tertiary sector: services, consultancy and tourism.
ElectricityVoltage: 220 V, frequency 50 Hz. It is advisable to bring an adapter.
Post offices, banks and communicationsPost offices are open from 9 am to 17 pm Monday to Friday, and sometimes on Saturday until 12.30 pm. Banks are usually open Monday to Friday from 9 am to 18 pm. some stay open also on Saturday morning.
Mobile phone coverage is good.
Country code: 00 372
European emergency number: 112 [nggallery id=35]